Surgical repair of type A aortic dissection by the circulatory arrest-graft inclusion technique in sixty-six patients.
During an 8-year period (1984 to 1991) 66 patients (mean age 59 years, range 26 to 84 years) with type A aortic dissection (60 ascending aorta tears, 6 arch tears; 35 acute, 31 chronic) had surgical repair by a continuous suture-graft inclusion technique. Hypothermic circulatory arrest (16 degrees C) was used in 58 patients (35/35 acute, 23/31 chronic; mean arrest time 26 minutes, range 10 to 55 minutes). Fifty-two patients had hemiarch repair and 6 had total arch replacement. Aortic valve disease necessitated treatment in 38 patients (1 valved conduit, 20 valve replacements, 17 valve repairs). Recently 11 patients had valve repair by reconstruction of the native aortic root, by means of techniques similar to those used for homograft valve insertion. Operative mortality was 9% (14% acute, 3% chronic). Stroke occurred in 2 patients (3%) and was fatal in both. Variables suggestive of increased operative risk by univariate analysis were acuteness (p = 0.12), visceral ischemia (p = 0.12), and preoperative shock (p = 0.13). No variable was significant by multivariate analysis. Overall actuarial survival at 48 months was 77%, with 3 late deaths from a ruptured distal aneurysm. Late computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scan was done in 28 patients at a mean interval of 33 months. These studies identified 1 patient with a pseudoaneurysm requiring reoperation and 3 patients with contained flow between the graft and the wrap. Three patients required late operation: 1 for pseudoaneurysm, 1 for arch dissection, and 1 for repair of a distal aneurysm.
Galloway, AC; Colvin, SB; Grossi, EA; Parish, MA; Culliford, AT; Asai, T; Rofsky, NM; Weinreb, JC; Shapiro, S; Baumann, FG
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