Cellular interactions implicated in the mechanism of photoreceptor degeneration in transgenic mice expressing a mutant rhodopsin gene.


Journal Article

Photoreceptors of transgenic mice expressing a mutant rhodopsin gene (Pro347-->Ser) slowly degenerate. The mechanism of degeneration was studied by aggregation of embryos of normal and transgenic mice to form chimeras. In these chimeras, mosaicism was observed in the coat color, retinal pigment epithelium, and retina. In the retina, the genotype of adjacent patches of normal and transgenic photoreceptors was determined by in situ hybridization with a transgene-specific RNA probe. Photoreceptors in the chimeric retina degenerated uniformly, independent of the genotype and similar to the photoreceptors in transgenic mice. However, the chimeric retinas showed varying proportions of normal and transgenic cells. The chimeric retina with a nearly even proportion of normal and transgenic photoreceptors displayed uniform but slower degeneration than that observed in a transgenic mouse of the same age. Our results demonstrate non-autonomy of gene action for the mutated rhodopsin gene and imply that cellular interactions between photoreceptors in the retina probably play a role in degeneration.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Huang, PC; Gaitan, AE; Hao, Y; Petters, RM; Wong, F

Published Date

  • September 15, 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 90 / 18

Start / End Page

  • 8484 - 8488

PubMed ID

  • 8378322

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8378322

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.90.18.8484


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States