Highly tunable spin-dependent electron transport through carbon atomic chains connecting two zigzag graphene nanoribbons.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Motivated by recent experiments of successfully carving out stable carbon atomic chains from graphene, we investigate a device structure of a carbon chain connecting two zigzag graphene nanoribbons with highly tunable spin-dependent transport properties. Our calculation based on the non-equilibrium Green's function approach combined with the density functional theory shows that the transport behavior is sensitive to the spin configuration of the leads and the bridge position in the gap. A bridge in the middle gives an overall good coupling except for around the Fermi energy where the leads with anti-parallel spins create a small transport gap, while the leads with parallel spins give a finite density of states and induce an even-odd oscillation in conductance in terms of the number of atoms in the carbon chain. On the other hand, a bridge at the edge shows a transport behavior associated with the spin-polarized edge states, presenting sharp pure α-spin and β-spin peaks beside the Fermi energy in the transmission function. This makes it possible to realize on-chip interconnects or spintronic devices by tuning the spin state of the leads and the bridge position.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xu, Y; Wang, B-J; Ke, S-H; Yang, W; Alzahrani, AZ

Published Date

  • September 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 137 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 104107 -

PubMed ID

  • 22979850

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1089-7690

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9606

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1063/1.4752197


  • eng