Challenges with range-separated exchange-correlation functionals in time-dependent density functional theory calculations
The conventional approximate exchange-correlation functionals and kernels can lead to a large error in time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations in certain cases, such as in the descriptions of charge-transfer excited states, Rydberg states, and double excitations, which can be remedied to some degree with the recently developed range-separated exchange-correlation functionals. How do these range-separated functionals perform in the TDDFT calculations? In this work, we explored the S0(A′)→ T 1(A′) and S0 (A′)→ S1(A′ ) transition energies of C2H4 and other molecules by TDDFT methods and ΔSCF calculations in density functional theory (DFT), with several regular and range-separated exchange-correlation functionals. We have found the following: (1) for the S0 → S1 transition, both range- and non-range-separated exchange-correlation functionals work well and consistently in the TDDFT calculations; (2) for the S0 → T1 transition, the used range-separated exchange-correlation functionals work on average worse than the non-separated ones in the TDDFT calculations; in the SCF DFT calculations, however, both kinds of functionals achieve a similar performance. Because of the common approximations used in DFT and TDDFT, our present computational results suggest that the adiabatic approximation error in the range-separated exchange-correlation functionals is much larger than that in the non-range-separated ones for the S0 → T1 transition, and the adiabatic approximation error for the S0 → T1 transition - a spin-flip process - is larger than that for the S0 → S1 transition. These findings will be useful for designing better exchange-correlation functionals and kernels that will work well not only for excited singlet states, but also for excited triplet states. Furthermore, this study will provide insights into the drawbacks of the present approximate exchange-correlation functionals and kernels used in TDDFT calculations. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)