The HDAC complex and cytoskeleton.
HDAC6 is a cytoplasmic deacetylase that dynamically associates with the microtubule and actin cytoskeletons. HDAC6 regulates growth factor-induced chemotaxis by its unique deacetylase activity towards microtubules or other substrates. Here we describe a non-catalytic structural domain that is essential for HDAC6 function and places HDAC6 as a critical mediator linking the acetylation and ubiquitination network. This evolutionarily conserved motif, termed the BUZ domain, has features of a zinc finger and binds both mono- and polyubiquitinated proteins. Furthermore, the BUZ domain promotes HDAC6 mono-ubiquitination. These results establish the BUZ domain, in addition to the UIM and CUE domains, as a novel motif that both binds ubiquitin and mediates mono-ubiquitination. Importantly, the BUZ domain is essential for HDAC6 to promote chemotaxis, indicating that communication with the ubiquitin network is critical for proper HDAC6 function. The unique presence of the UIM and CUE domains in proteins involved in endocytic trafficking suggests that HDAC6 might also regulate vesicle transport and protein degradation. Indeed, we have found that HDAC6 is actively transported and concentrated in vesicular compartments. We propose that an integration of reversible acetylation and ubiquitination by HDAC6 may be a novel component in regulating the cytoskeleton, vesicle transport and protein degradation.
Kovacs, JJ; Hubbert, C; Yao, T-P
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