Systemic mechanisms of individual reproductive life history in female Medflies.

Published

Journal Article

This paper is the second one in a series of two papers hypothesizing and testing systemic grounds of reproductive life history in the female fruit fly. In the first paper, we analyzed mechanisms of individual fecundity scheduling and have drawn the following conclusions. Individual fecundity in female flies is endowed as a flat pattern with a steady-state period of a constant rate of egg-laying. An individual female reveals three stages in her adult life history: maturation, maturity, and senescence. The first stage is a transient period of achieving a steady state at maturity, which can be maintained until the senescence stage. Thus, an individual fecundity pattern has no maximum. The maximums observed experimentally are averaging-caused artifacts. Two natural causes of deaths exist in flies, senescence-caused ones and premature deaths, probably due to a reproductive overload. In this paper, to confirm these findings, we use individual daily scores of egg-laying in four populations of Mediterranean fruit flies. Based on fecundity scores, we divide each Medfly population into four classes, namely zero-egg, short-, medium- and long-lived egg-layers. We demonstrate that, indeed, the three above findings definitely exist in Medflies. Our procedure allows the efficient storage of individual fecundity in parametric form, with only five numbers for each fly. Finally, this protocol will allow a more precise analysis of fecundity-energy trade-offs in flies carrying appropriate longevity mutations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Novoseltsev, VN; Carey, RJ; Novoseltseva, JA; Papadopoulos, NT; Blay, S; Yashin, AI

Published Date

  • January 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 125 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 77 - 87

PubMed ID

  • 14706240

Pubmed Central ID

  • 14706240

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-6216

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0047-6374

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.mad.2003.10.007

Language

  • eng