Recent advances in understanding thyroid hormone receptor coregulators.
Thyroid hormones (L-triiodothyronine, T3; L-tetraiodothyronine, T4) regulate normal cellular growth and development, and general metabolism as well. Their various actions are mediated by the thyroid hormone receptor, a ligand-dependent transcriptional factor belonging to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. The recent discovery of coregulators (coactivators, corepressors, and cointegrators) has greatly enhanced our understanding of thyroid hormone receptor functions. Hence we review and discuss, in brief, the potential role of thyroid hormone receptor coregulators involved in diverse cellular activities.
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