Roles of v-erbA homodimers and heterodimers in mediating dominant negative activity by v-erbA.
v-erbA, a viral oncogenic homolog of thyroid hormone receptor (TR), blocks the effect of T3 in TR-mediated transcription. The mechanism(s) for this dominant negative effect by v-erbA on TRs is unknown but may involve competition between v-erbA and TR-containing complexes for binding to thyroid hormone response elements (TREs) and/or protein-protein interactions between v-erbA and TR. To investigate these potential mechanisms, we used the electrophoretic mobility shift assay to compare in vitro translated v-erbA and TR alpha binding to two TREs-chick lysozyme TRE (F2) and direct repeat TRE (DR4). v-erbA bound as a homodimer to these TREs, whereas TR alpha bound as a homodimer and monomer. T3 decreased TR alpha homodimer binding to the TREs as we reported previously; however, surprisingly, high concentrations of T3 (10(-6) M) also decreased v-erbA homodimer binding to the TREs. Additionally, v-erbA formed heterodimers with nuclear proteins such as retinoid X receptor and T3 receptor auxiliary protein as well as with TR alpha. These dimers remained bound to DNA in the presence of T3. Finally, v-erbA could not mediate ligand-dependent transcriptional activation even at 10(-6) M T3 but could block ligand-dependent TR-mediated transactivation in co-transfection experiments. v-erbA also exhibited differential dominant negative activity on F2 and DR4 suggesting that half-site sequence and/or orientation may influence v-erbA-dominant negative activity. In sum, there are multiple v-erbA complexes that bind to TREs in the presence of T3, which all may contribute to v-erbA's dominant negative effect on TR-mediated transcription by competing with TR-containing complexes for binding to TREs.
Yen, PM; Ikeda, M; Brubaker, JH; Forgione, M; Sugawara, A; Chin, WW
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