Expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptors during hyperoxia-induced lung injury and repair.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Lung injury and repair processes involve many cellular activities, including cell growth, differentiation, and remodeling of extracellular matrix components. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a major class of signaling peptide growth factors regulating these cellular activities. Type I (T beta RI) and type II (T beta RII) receptors for TGF-beta are transmembrane serine/threonine kinases that are essential for TGF-beta signaling. To gain insight into the possible molecular mechanisms of lung injury and repair, we investigated the expression of T beta RI and T beta RII in an acute hyperoxia-induced model of lung injury and repair. Localization of message expression of T beta RI and T beta RII in oxygen-exposed rat lung tissue was analyzed by using in situ hybridization. T beta RI mRNA expression was found in the interstitium, capillaries, and the alveolar septa of rat lungs exposed for 60 h to 100% oxygen. The distribution of T beta RII mRNA in oxygen-exposed rat lung tissue overlapped the localization of T beta RI mRNA. Temporal changes of T beta RI and T beta RII mRNA expressions in rat lung during hyperoxic exposure and repair were examined by Northern analysis. We found that expression of T beta RI was upregulated in adult rats undergoing prolonged exposure to 100% oxygen, and the increase of T beta RI expression persisted during 2 wk of repair of lung injury. The pattern of T beta RII expression during hyperoxic exposure and repair was distinct from that of T beta RI. The expression of T beta RII increased with a peak at 3 days postexposure and then declined after 7 days of repair. Changes of T beta RI and T beta RII protein expressions in rat lung during hyperoxic exposure and repair were examined further by Western blot analysis, which correlated with the mRNA expression. The results suggest that T beta RI and T beta RII may play important roles during the lung injury and repair by mediating signaling activity of TGF-beta and may regulate interactions between the mesenchyme and the epithelium.
- Zhao, Y; Gilmore, BJ; Young, SL
- August 1997
Volume / Issue
- 273 / 2 Pt 1
Start / End Page
- L355 - L362
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States