Surfactant apoprotein in adult rat lung compartments is increased by dexamethasone.
The distribution of the major surfactant apoprotein (SP-A) in adult rat lung was determined in order to gain insight into its metabolism, including packaging of SP-A into lamellar bodies. The effect of glucocorticoid treatment on surfactant apoprotein was studied to test whether regulation of surfactant apoprotein genes, which has been described for the fetal lung, can be demonstrated in the adult animal. We measured the amounts of immunoreactive SP-A in several lung tissue compartments and lavage fractions from control animals and from the lungs of rats given dexamethasone for 1 wk. Protein and phospholipids were measured, SP-A was quantitated with a noncompetitive enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) and SP-A, SP-B, and SP-C mRNAs were estimated by Northern blotting. We found an 85-fold concentration of SP-A in a lamellar body-rich fraction compared with lung tissue homogenate and we calculated that as much as one-half of all the tissue SP-A might be accounted for by a lamellar body pool. After 1 wk of dexamethasone treatment, there was an increase in adult rat lung SP-A, SP-B, and SP-C mRNA and a substantial increase in tissue and lavage fluid immunoreactive SP-A pools. Lamellar body fraction SP-A content per lung was 1.4-fold higher after dexamethasone, and there was a fivefold increase in the lavage SP-A pool, much of which was inseparable from the alveolar macrophages. We conclude that SP-A is concentrated in the lamellar bodies of type II cells, that dexamethasone treatment increased all surfactant mRNAs, and that it increased SP-A content in adult rat lung.
Young, SL; Ho, YS; Silbajoris, RA
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