Quantitative analysis of angiogenesis and growth of bone: effect of indomethacin exposure in a combined in vitro-in vivo approach.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents have been used experimentally and clinically to suppress a variety of physiological events, including angiogenesis and formation of bone. The exact mechanisms by which indomethacin alters skeletal tissue generation are unknown, due in part to methodological limitations. By the use of an organ culture assay and an animal model using intravital microscopy in mice bearing dorsal skinfold chambers, the effect of indomethacin on growth and angiogenesis of neonatal femora was characterized over 16 days. In both assays, femora significantly elongated with time (P < 0.05). The in vitro growth rate was more rapid than in vivo and dependent on the serum concentration, culture medium and age of mice. Although enhancing the serum content promoted cellular proliferation in organ culture, it dose-dependently suppressed femoral elongation, leading at 20% fetal calf serum to growth rates identical to those observed in vivo. Indomethacin supplementation (2 and 10 mg l-1) significantly accelerated longitudinal femoral growth in organ culture (P < 0.05), whereas in vivo indomethacin (2 mg kg-1) did not modulate either angiogenesis or elongation of bone. Our in vitro data propose a central role of serum in the regulation of bone formation. Although indomethacin altered femoral growth in vitro, our findings do not suggest that indomethacin suppresses angiogenesis or growth of bone in vivo. The complexity of physiological events in vivo may be obscuring a detectable effect.
Leunig, M; Yuan, F; Gerweck, LE; Berk, DA; Jain, RK
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