A new view of convective-diffusive transport processes in the arterial intima.
In this paper a new theoretical framework is presented for analyzing the filtration and macromolecular convective-diffusive transport processes in the intimal region of an artery wall with widely dispersed macromolecular cellular leakage sites, as proposed in the leaky junction-cell turnover hypothesis of Weinbaum et al. In contrast to existing convection-diffusive models, which assume that the transport is either 1-D, or convection is primarily in a direction normal to the endothelial surface, the present model considers for the first time the nonuniform subendothelial pressure field that arises from the different hydraulic resistances of normal and leaky endothelial clefts and the special role of the internal elastic lamina (IEL) in modulating the horizontal transport of macromolecules after they have passed through the leaky clefts of cells that are either in mitosis or demonstrate IgG labeling. The new theory is able to quantitatively explain the growing body of recent experiments in which an unexpectedly rapid early-time growth of the leakage spot has been observed and the longer time asymptotic behavior in which the leakage spot appears to approach an equilibrium diameter. The new theory also predicts the observed doubling in macromolecular permeability between EBA labeled blue and white areas when the frequency of leakage sites is doubled. This frequency for doubling of permeability, however, is an order of magnitude smaller than predicted by the author's previous model, Tzeghai et al., in which only convection normal to the endothelial surface was considered and the pressure was uniform in the intima. The longer time model predictions are used to explain the time scale for the formation of liposomes in subendothelial tissue matrix in animal feeding experiments where it has been observed that the extracellular lipid concentration rises sharply prior to the entry of monocytes into the intima.
Yuan, F; Chien, S; Weinbaum, S
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