N-succinimidyl 5-(trialkylstannyl)-3-pyridinecarboxylates: a new class of reagents for protein radioiodination.
N-Succinimidyl 5-(trialkylstannyl)-3-pyridinecarboxylates (alkyl = Me, Bu) have been prepared and used as a precursor to label N-succinimidyl 5-[131I]iodo-3-pyridinecarboxylate (SIPC). SIPC was obtained in greater than 80% yield from either the methyl or butyl precursor with N-chlorosuccinimide and heating at 60-65 degrees C. Significantly lower yields were observed with tert-butyl hydroperoxide. After a 30-min incubation with [131I]SIPC at pH 8.5, goat IgG, an intact monoclonal antibody (MAb), and a MAb F(ab')2 fragment were labeled in 60-65% yield. Specific binding of the MAb and MAb fragment after SIPC labeling was identical with that observed with N-succinimidyl 3-iodobenzoate and higher than that reported previously for these MAbs after labeling by using the Iodogen method. When 5-[131I]iodonicotinic acid was injected into normal mice, thyroid uptake was less than 0.2% of the injected dose, reflecting the inertness of this compound to deiodination. Paired-label biodistribution studies indicate that for both the MAb and the F(ab')2 labeled by using SIPC, accumulation of activity in the thyroid and other tissues is comparable to that observed when these proteins were labeled by using N-succinimidyl 3-iodobenzoate. The results of this study suggest that SIPC may be a reagent for labeling MAbs with halogen nuclides.
Garg, S; Garg, PK; Zalutsky, MR
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