Normal Forces between Cellulose Surfaces Measured with Colloidal Probe Microscopy.
Colloidal probe microscopy was employed to study interactions between cellulose surfaces in aqueous solutions. Hydrodynamic forces must be accounted for in data analysis. Long-range interactions betweeen cellulose surfaces are governed by double-layer forces and, once surfaces contact, by osmotic repulsive forces and viscoelasticity. Increasing the ionic strength decreases surface potentials and increases adhesive forces. Polyelectrolytes cause strong steric repulsion at high surface coverage, where interactions are sensitive to probe velocity. Polymer bridging occurs at low coverage. The conformation of adsorbed polyelectrolytes depends on the polymer concentration. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.
Zauscher, S; Klingenberg, DJ
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