Differential adhesion of rat colon carcinoma cells to fibronectin in relation to their tumorigenicity.
We examined the fibronectin-adhesive properties of clones from a rat colonic cell line exhibiting distinct tumorigenicity in a syngeneic host. These cells were originally selected on the basis of differential adhesion to plastic surfaces. The TR cell line, when injected subcutaneously, forms a tumour which grows progressively and gives off metastases, whereas the TS cell line forms a small tumour which regresses within a few weeks. The regression is largely mediated by immunological factors and involves a fibroblastic reaction. REGb, a clone from the TS subline, adhered better to fibronectin or RGDS tetrapeptide than did PROb, a clone from the TR subline. However, there was little binding to the RGD tripeptide with either clone. The degree of adhesion was dependent on time and substrate concentration. After 6 h of incubation, 38% and 55% respectively of PROb and REGb cells bound to plates coated with 10 micrograms/ml fibronectin. Adhesion of both clones to fibronectin was inhibited to various degrees when cells were preincubated with RGDS, GRGDS or GRADSPK peptides, whereas other synthetic peptides such as RGD, GRGD or GRGFSPK were ineffective. Binding experiments using 125I-labelled fibronectin showed 39,000 fibronectin receptor sites on REGb cells but only 17,000 on PROb cells. Flow cytometry analysis using both anti-alpha 5 and anti-beta 1 integrins showed more fibronectin receptor sites on REGb than on PROb cells. Both approaches were in accordance with the higher adhesiveness of the REGb clone to fibronectin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Harb, J; Ringeard, S; Kasbaoui, L; Zennadi, R; Menoret, A; Menanteau, J; Le Pendu, J; Meflah, K
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