Suppression of interleukin-1 beta-induced nitric oxide production in RINm5F cells by inhibition of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.
In rat pancreatic islets and insulin-producing cell lines, IL-1beta induces expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and NO production leading to impairment of glucose-stimulated insulin release and decreased cell survival. NADPH is an obligatory cosubstrate for iNOS synthesis of NO. We hypothesized that IL-1beta stimulates an increase in activity of NADPH-producing enzyme(s) prior to NO production and that this increase is necessary for NO production. Using rat insulin-secreting RINm5F cells, we found that (1) IL-1beta caused a biphasic change in the NADPH level (increased by 6 h and decreased after prolonged incubation in the presence of 2 ng/mL IL-1beta); (2) IL-1beta stimulated increased activity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) in a time- and dose-dependent manner, and G6PD expression was increased by about 80% after exposure to 2 ng/mL IL-1beta for 18 h: (3) IL-1beta-stimulated NO production was positively correlated with increased G6PD activity; (4) IL-1beta did not cause any significant change in enzyme activity of another NADPH-producing enzyme, malic enzyme; (5) IL-1beta-induced NO production was significantly reduced either by inhibiting G6PD activity using an inhibitor of G6PD (dehydroepiandrosterone) or by inhibiting G6PD expression using an antisense oligonucleotide to G6PD mRNA; and (6) IL-1beta stimulated a decrease in the cAMP level. 8-Bromo-cAMP caused decreased G6PD activity, and the protein kinase A inhibitor H89 led to a increase in G6PD activity in RINm5F cells. In conclusion, our data show that IL-1beta stimulated G6PD activity and expression level, providing NADPH that is required by iNOS for NO production in RINm5F cells. Also, inhibition of the cAMP-dependent PKA signal pathway is involved in an IL-1beta-stimulated increase in G6PD activity.
Guo, L; Zhang, Z; Green, K; Stanton, RC
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