Detection and differentiation of pectic enzyme activity in vitro and in vivo by capillary electrophoresis of products from fluorescent-labeled substrate.
A sensitive assay is described for the detection of pectate-depolymerizing enzymes using capillary electrophoresis of a fluorescent end-labeled pectate oligomer. The labeled oligomer is allowed to react with the enzyme either in vitro or in vivo, such as inside the intercellular spaces of a cotton cotyledon, and after an appropriate incubation time the products are analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. The site and mode of action of the pectate-depolymerizing activity can be inferred from the products. Both endo- and exopolygalacturonase activity, and lyase activity, were distinguished. Since only the fluorescent oligomer and products from its labeled reducing end are detected, there is no interference from other compounds; only pectic enzyme activity is detected. By this type of analysis we can show that there is considerable endo- and exo-polygalacturonase activity in the intercellular spaces of cotton cotyledons.
Zhang, Z; Pierce, ML; Mort, AJ
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