A pilot evaluation of appetite-awareness training in the treatment of childhood overweight and obesity: a preliminary investigation.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a preliminary evaluation of Children's Appetite Awareness Training (CAAT), a treatment for childhood obesity which encourages overweight children to eat in response to internal appetite cues. METHOD: Overweight children (ages 6-12 years old) were randomized to either the CAAT treatment group (N = 23), to receive 1-h treatment sessions over 6 weeks, or a wait-list group (N = 24). Weight and height of children and parents in both groups were assessed at pre- and post-treatment (or equivalent time for wait-list control) and at a 6-month follow-up for those in the CAAT group. RESULTS: The intervention had a significant, short-term effect on the BMI of children who participated. Although at 6-month follow-up, children's BMI has not increased significantly, the difference between pretreatment and follow-up BMI was no longer significant. DISCUSSION: These results are encouraging for the use of CAAT with overweight children. Long-term effectiveness could be enhanced through increasing the duration of the program, adding booster sessions and increased involvement of parents.
Bloom, T; Sharpe, L; Mullan, B; Zucker, N
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