Effect of tenascin-C deficiency on chemically induced dermatitis in the mouse.

Published

Journal Article

Tenascin-C is a large extracellular matrix glycoprotein characterized by its spatiotemporal expression during embryogenesis, carcinogenesis, and wound healing. Many in vitro studies on tenascin-C have revealed its multifunctional properties; however, disruption of the tenascin-C gene did not reveal any obvious abnormalities during development, and its function in vivo remains unclear. Here, we investigated whether tenascin-C is involved in inflammatory dermatitis in adults by studying chemically induced dermatitis in tenascin-C knockout mice. An epicutaneous application of a hapten, 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene, to the ear skin of BALB/CA mice resulted in inflammation and induced the expression of tenascin-C. In congenic tenascin-C knockout mice, the dermatitis occurred more severely than in wild-type mice; infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells in knockout mice persisted longer than in wild-type mice, and the elastosis-like disorganized extracellular matrix was also seen in the ear. These results suggest that tenascin-C plays a role in vivo in inflammatory responses in the skin, and that the genetic background has profound effects on the function of tenascin-C in mouse dermatitis.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Koyama, Y; Kusubata, M; Yoshiki, A; Hiraiwa, N; Ohashi, T; Irie, S; Kusakabe, M

Published Date

  • December 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 111 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 930 - 935

PubMed ID

  • 9856798

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9856798

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1523-1747

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-202X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1046/j.1523-1747.1998.00401.x

Language

  • eng