Predictors of longevity: evidence from the oldest old in China.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the characteristics of the oldest old in China and examined whether the factors associated with longevity varied with advanced age. METHODS: Drawing from the largest nationally representative longitudinal sample of oldest-old adults, we stratified descriptive statistics separately by gender and urban-rural residence and then used ordered logit models to examine the multivariate factors associated with increasing age-group membership. RESULTS: Differing combinations of demographic, social, physical, and behavioral factors were significantly related to surviving into later ages for men and women in urban and rural areas. With the exception of rural women, psychological disposition was not associated with increased longevity. Gender differences were generally smaller in urban areas than in rural areas, and urban-rural differences were more pronounced among women than among men. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the oldest-old population in China challenge many of the established relations in the health-inequality literature. Future research should examine why the oldest old are an exceptional group of physically, socially, and demographically heterogeneous individuals who exhibit healthy longevity beyond the average life span.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dupre, ME; Liu, G; Gu, D

Published Date

  • July 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 98 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1203 - 1208

PubMed ID

  • 18511735

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2424101

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1541-0048

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2105/AJPH.2007.113886


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States