Overexpression of the MT1 melatonin receptor in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells inhibits mammary tumor formation in nude mice.
Overexpression of the MT1 melatonin receptor in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells significantly enhances the response of these cells to the growth-inhibitory actions of melatonin. Athymic nude mice implanted with MT1-overexpressing MCF-7 cells developed significantly fewer palpable tumors (60% reduction) compared to mice receiving vector-transfected MCF-7 cells (vt-MCF-7). In response to exogenous melatonin, tumor incidence in the mice receiving the MT1-overexpressing MCF-7 cells was decreased by 80% compared to mice receiving vt-MCF-7 cells. Interestingly, daily melatonin administration did not decrease tumor incidence in mice receiving vt-MCF-7 cells, but rather stimulated overall tumor formation.
Collins, A; Yuan, L; Kiefer, TL; Cheng, Q; Lai, L; Hill, SM
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