Electrical characterization of semiconducting diamond thin films and single crystals
Naturally occurring semiconducting single crystal (type IIb) diamonds and boron doped polycrystalline thin films were characterized by differential capacitance-voltage and Hall effect measurements, as well as secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS). Results for natural diamonds indicated that the average compensation for a type IIb diamond was >17%. Mobilities for the natural crystals varied between 130 and 564 cm2/V·s at room temperature. The uncompensated dopant concentration obtained by C-V measurements (2.8 ± 0.1 × 1016 cm-3) was consistent with the atomic B concentration measured by SIMS performed on similar samples (3.0 ± 1.5 x 1016 cm-3). Measurement of barrier heights for three different metals (platinum, gold, and aluminum) found essentially the same value of 2.3 ± 0.1 eV in each case, indicating that the Fermi level was pinned at the diamond surface. Polycrystalline semiconducting diamond thin films demonstrated a complex carrier concentration behavior as a function of dopant density. This behavior may be understood in terms of a grain boundary model previously developed for polycrystalline silicon, or by considering a combination of compensation and impurity band conduction effects. The highest mobility measured for a polycrystalline sample was 10 cm2/V·s, indicating that electrical transport in the polycrystalline material was significantly degraded relative to the single crystal samples. © 1993 The Mineral,Metal & Materials Society,Inc.
Von Windheim, JA; Venkatesan, V; Malta, DM; Das, K
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