Randomized trial to compare the effect of recombinant human FSH (follitropin alfa) with or without recombinant human LH in women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment.
(Clinical Trial;Journal Article)
Women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for male factor infertility were randomly assigned to receive ovarian stimulation in a long agonist protocol with a combination of recombinant human FSH (r-hFSH; Gonal-F) and recombinant human LH (r-hLH; Luveris) (n = 212) starting on day 6 of FSH stimulation until human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) at a daily fixed dose of 150 IU r-hLH, or with r-hFSH alone (n = 219). There was no significant difference in the number of metaphase II oocytes retrieved (10.3 versus 10.4) in patients treated with r-hFSH and r-hLH versus r-hFSH alone; however, more embryos were transferred in the LH-supplemented group (2.9 versus 2.8, P = 0.037). Overall, the implantation rates were 22.9 versus 27.0% in patients treated with r-hFSH and r-hLH versus with r-hFSH alone respectively (NS). The respective numbers of MII oocytes retrieved in patients <35 or >or=35 years were 11 versus 8.3 (P = 0.010) for patients treated with r-hFSH alone, and 10.7 versus 9.3 (NS) for those given supplemental r-hLH (150 IU) from day 6. Implantation rates in patients <35 years treated with r-hFSH were higher (30.7%) than those receiving r-hFSH and r-hLH, (23.5%) (P = 0.068). In patients >or=35 years, the implantation rates were 21.7% for those patients supplemented with 150 IU r-hLH from day 6 of stimulation versus 15.7% when treated with FSH alone (NS). Younger patients therefore do not seem to benefit from an LH-supplemented ovarian stimulation protocol, but women >or=35 years undergoing assisted reproduction may benefit from using r-hLH in addition to r-hFSH.
Marrs, R; Meldrum, D; Muasher, S; Schoolcraft, W; Werlin, L; Kelly, E
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