Fertilization and in vitro development of cryopreserved human prophase I oocytes.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential for in vitro maturation, fertilization, and cleavage after cryopreservation of immature, prophase I human oocytes. DESIGN: Immature oocytes obtained in excess of the number required by the patient were randomized and cryopreserved at the prophase I stage or cultured as control. After thawing and maturation in vitro, test and control oocytes were inseminated with husband's sperm and evaluated for fertilization and cleavage in vitro. SETTING: In vitro fertilization program. PATIENTS: Consenting patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for the purposes of IVF. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of maturation to metaphase II, fertilization, and cleavage were compared between control and cryopreserved oocytes. RESULTS: Upon thaw, 58.5% (72/123) of prophase I oocytes were viable. Control oocytes demonstrated a 74.8% (98/131) maturation rate to metaphase II, a 56.5% (52/92) fertilization rate, and an 11.5% (6/52) blastocyst rate. Cryopreserved oocytes showed a 83.3% (60/72) rate of maturation, a 57.7% (30/52) fertilization rate, and a 3.3% (1/30) blastocyst rate. No significant differences were noted between any of these parameters. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that prophase I oocytes from stimulated IVF cycles are able to survive cryopreservation and resume meiosis to achieve full nuclear maturation post-thaw. In addition, cryopreserved oocytes retain the same capacity for fertilization and development as control oocytes.
Toth, TL; Baka, SG; Veeck, LL; Jones, HW; Muasher, S; Lanzendorf, SE
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