Gaussian mixture models for score-informed instrument separation
A new framework for representing quasi-harmonic signals, and its application to score-informed single channel musical instruments separation, is introduced in this paper. In the proposed approach, the signal's pitch and spectral envelope are modeled separately. The model combines parametric filters enforcing an harmonic structure in the representation, with Gaussian modeling for representing the spectral envelope. The estimation of the signal's model is cast as an inverse problem efficiently solved via a maximum a posteriori expectation-maximization algorithm. The relation of the proposed framework with common non-negative factorization methods is also discussed. The algorithm is evaluated with both real and synthetic instruments mixtures, and comparisons with recently proposed techniques are presented. © 2012 IEEE.
Sprechmann, P; Cancela, P; Sapiro, G
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