Region tracking on level-sets methods.
Since the work by Osher and Sethian on level-sets algorithms for numerical shape evolutions, this technique has been used for a large number of applications in numerous fields. In medical imaging, this numerical technique has been successfully used, for example, in segmentation and cortex unfolding algorithms. The migration from a Lagrangian implementation to a Eulerian one via implicit representations or level-sets brought some of the main advantages of the technique, i.e., topology independence and stability. This migration means also that the evolution is parametrization free. Therefore, we do not know exactly how each part of the shape is deforming and the point-wise correspondence is lost. In this note we present a technique to numerically track regions on surfaces that are being deformed using the level-sets method. The basic idea is to represent the region of interest as the intersection of two implicit surfaces and then track its deformation from the deformation of these surfaces. This technique then solves one of the main shortcomings of the very useful level-sets approach. Applications include lesion localization in medical images, region tracking in functional MRI (fMRI) visualization, and geometric surface mapping.
Bertalmio, M; Sapiro, G; Randall, G
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