Changes in in vitro brain and spinal cord protein phosphorylation after a single oral administration of tri-o-cresyl phosphate to hens.
The effect of a single oral 750 mg/kg dose of tri-o-cresyl phosphate (TOCP) on the endogenous phosphorylation of brain and spinal cord proteins was assessed in hens during the development of and recovery from delayed neurotoxicity. Crude membrane and cytosolic fractions were prepared from the brains and spinal cords of control and TOCP-treated hens at 1, 7, 14, 21, 35, and 55 days after treatment. Brain and spinal cord protein phosphorylation with [gamma-32P]ATP was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), autoradiography, and microdensitometry. TOCP administration conferred calcium and calmodulin dependence on the phosphorylation of a few brain cytosolic proteins and caused an increase in the phosphorylation of a number of other cytosolic and membrane proteins. This effect of TOCP was large in magnitude, and its time course reflected the onset of and recovery from the signs of ataxia and paralysis associated with delayed neurotoxicity in the hen. The molecular weights (Mr) and maximal phosphorylation (percent of control) for the most prominently affected bands were as follows: brain cytosol--50K (183%), 55K (575%), 60K (529%), 65K (273%), and 70K (548%); brain membranes--50K (622%) and 60K (697%); and spinal cord cytosol--20K (182%). The role of endogenous phosphorylation reactions in and their potential usefulness as biochemical indicators of delayed neurotoxicity are being explored further.
Patton, SE; Lapadula, DM; O'Callaghan, JP; Miller, DB; Abou-Donia, MB
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