Hostility, drinking pattern and mortality.


Journal Article

AIMS: This study examined the association of hostility to drinking pattern and whether this association mediated the relation of hostility to mortality. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Subjects were 3326 current drinkers from the Vietnam Experience Study cohort who were followed for vital status. SETTING: United States. MEASUREMENTS: Hostility was measured by an abbreviated version of the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale (ACM). The alcohol variables were total monthly intake of alcohol, drinking frequency, drinks per drinking day and drinking > or = 5 drinks on at least one occasion in the past month (i.e. heavy episodic drinking). FINDINGS: Regression analyses showed associations between the ACM and total monthly intake of alcohol (P < 0.0001), drinks per drinking day (P < 0.0001) and heavy episodic drinking (P < 0.0001), but not with frequency of drinking days. Hostility, drinks per drinking day, heavy episodic drinking and total monthly alcohol intake were also associated with all-cause mortality (all Ps < 0.0001). Further analyses showed that drinking pattern, particularly drinks per drinking day, may account partially for the relation of hostility to mortality. CONCLUSIONS: High hostility is associated with elevated mortality and a deleterious drinking pattern characterized by relatively high intake per drinking occasion. Drinking pattern could help explain the relationships between hostility and health.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Boyle, SH; Mortensen, L; Grønbaek, M; Barefoot, JC

Published Date

  • January 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 54 - 59

PubMed ID

  • 17995996

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17995996

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1360-0443

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0965-2140

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.02024.x


  • eng