Basal and stimulated protein S-nitrosylation in multiple cell types and tissues.


Journal Article

There is substantial evidence that protein S-nitrosylation provides a significant route through which nitric oxide (NO)-derived bioactivity is conveyed. However, most examples of S-nitrosylation have been characterized on the basis of analysis in vitro, and relatively little progress has been made in assessing the participant forms of nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) or the dynamics of protein S-nitrosylation in situ. Here we utilize antibodies specific for the nitrosothiol (SNO) moiety to provide an immunohistochemical demonstration that protein S-nitrosylation is coupled to the activity of each of the major forms of NOS. In cultured endothelial cells, SNO-protein immunoreactivity increases in response to Ca(2+)-stimulated endothelial NOS (eNOS) activity, and in aortic rings, endothelium-derived and eNOS-mediated relaxation (EDRF) is coupled to increased protein S-nitrosylation in both endothelial and associated smooth muscle cells. In cultured macrophages, SNO-protein levels increase upon cytokine induction of induced NOS (iNOS), and in PC12 cells, increased protein S-nitrosylation is linked to nerve growth factor induction of neuronal NOS (nNOS). In addition, we describe developmental and pathophysiological increases in SNO-protein immunoreactivity within human lung. These results, which demonstrate Ca(2+), neurohumoral, growth factor, cytokine, and developmental regulation of protein S-nitrosylation that is coupled to NOS expression and activity, provide unique evidence for the proposition that this ubiquitous NO-derived post-translational protein modification serves as a major effector of NO-related bioactivity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gow, AJ; Chen, Q; Hess, DT; Day, BJ; Ischiropoulos, H; Stamler, JS

Published Date

  • March 22, 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 277 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 9637 - 9640

PubMed ID

  • 11796706

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11796706

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.C100746200


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States