The virtuous tax: lifesaving and crime-prevention effects of the 1991 federal alcohol-tax increase.

Published

Journal Article

The last time that federal excise taxes on alcoholic beverages were increased was 1991. The changes were larger than the typical state-level changes that have been used to study price effects, but the consequences have not been assessed due to the lack of a control group. Here we develop and implement a novel method for utilizing interstate heterogeneity to estimate the aggregate effects of a federal tax increase on rates of injury fatality and crime. We provide evidence that the relative importance of alcohol in violence and injury rates is directly related to per capita consumption, and build on that finding to generate estimates. A conservative estimate is that the federal tax (which increased alcohol prices by 6% initially) reduced injury deaths by 4.5% (6480 deaths), in 1991, and had a still larger effect on violent crime.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cook, PJ; Durrance, CP

Published Date

  • January 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 261 - 267

PubMed ID

  • 23220460

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1646

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2012.11.003

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands