Tadalafil administered once daily for lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia: a 1-year, open-label extension study.
OBJECTIVE: • To evaluate the 1-year safety of 5 mg of tadalafil once daily in men with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH-LUTS); efficacy measures were included to evaluate the maintenance of efficacy after an additional year of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: • In total, 427 men who completed a 12-week, placebo-controlled, dose- finding study assessing once-daily tadalafil (2.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg) or placebo elected to continue into the open-label extension period. Safety and efficacy parameters were assessed after 1 month and every 3 months. RESULTS: • In total, 299 patients (69.9%) completed the 1-year, open-label extension period. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported by 57.6% of patients, with most TEAEs being mild (44%) or moderate (45%) in severity; the most common TEAEs (≥ 2%) were dyspepsia, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, back pain, headache, sinusitis, hypertension and cough. Twenty-two patients (5.2%) discontinued as a result of AEs. During the open-label extension period, mean prostate-specific antigen increased from 1.6 ± 1.3 ng/mL to 1.8 ± 1.4 ng/mL. • Mean post-void residual volume was 61.1 ± 60.4 mL at study entry and 42.2 ± 64.1 mL after the open-label extension period. Changes in the total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), IPSS irritative and obstructive subscores, IPSS health-related quality of life and BPH Impact Index were maintained after 1 year. In sexually-active patients with erectile dysfunction, improvements in the International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function domain were maintained after 1 year. CONCLUSION: • In men with BPH-LUTS, 5 mg of tadalafil once daily during 1 year of treatment was well tolerated and efficacy changes were maintained.
Donatucci, CF; Brock, GB; Goldfischer, ER; Pommerville, PJ; Elion-Mboussa, A; Kissel, JD; Viktrup, L
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