Human cornea proteome: identification and quantitation of the proteins of the three main layers including epithelium, stroma, and endothelium.


Journal Article

Diseases of the cornea are common and refer to conditions like infections, injuries and genetic defects. Morphologically, many corneal diseases affect only certain layers of the cornea and separate analysis of the individual layers is therefore of interest to explore the basic molecular mechanisms involved in corneal health and disease. In this study, the three main layers including, the epithelium, stroma and endothelium of healthy human corneas were isolated. Prior to analysis by LC-MS/MS the proteins from the different layers were either (i) separated by SDS-PAGE followed by in-gel trypsinization, (ii) in-solution digested without prior protein separation or, (iii) in-solution digested followed by cation exchange chromatography. A total of 3250 unique Swiss-Prot annotated proteins were identified in human corneas, 2737 in the epithelium, 1679 in the stroma, and 880 in the endothelial layer. Of these, 1787 proteins have not previously been identified in the human cornea by mass spectrometry. In total, 771 proteins were quantified, 157 based on in-solution digestion and 770 based on SDS-PAGE separation followed by in-gel digestion of excised gel pieces. Protein analysis showed that many of the identified proteins are plasma proteins involved in defense responses.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Dyrlund, TF; Poulsen, ET; Scavenius, C; Nikolajsen, CL; Thøgersen, IB; Vorum, H; Enghild, JJ

Published Date

  • August 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 4231 - 4239

PubMed ID

  • 22698189

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22698189

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-3907

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1535-3893

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/pr300358k


  • eng