Enhanced bleomycin-induced pulmonary damage in mice lacking extracellular superoxide dismutase.

Published

Journal Article

Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is highly expressed in the extracellular matrix of lung and vascular tissue. Localization of EC-SOD to the matrix of the lung may protect against oxidative tissue damage that leads to pulmonary fibrosis. This study directly examines the protective role of EC-SOD in a bleomycin model of pulmonary fibrosis and the effect of this enzyme on oxidative protein fragmentation. Mice null for ec-sod display a marked increase in lung inflammation at 14 d post-bleomycin treatment as compared to their wild-type counterparts. Hydroxyproline analysis determined that both wild-type and ec-sod null mice display a marked increase in interstitial fibrosis at 14 d post-treatment, and the severity of fibrosis is significantly increased in ec-sod null mice compared to wild-type mice. To determine if the lack of EC-SOD promotes bleomycin-induced oxidative protein modification, 2-pyrrolidone content (as a measure of oxidative protein fragmentation at proline residues) was assessed in lung tissue from treated mice. 2-Pyrrolidone levels in the lung hydrolysates from ec-sod null mice were increased at both 7 and 14 d post-bleomycin treatment as compared to wild-type mice, indicating EC-SOD can inhibit oxidative fragmentation of proteins in this specific model of oxidative stress.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Fattman, CL; Chang, L-Y; Termin, TA; Petersen, L; Enghild, JJ; Oury, TD

Published Date

  • October 1, 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 763 - 771

PubMed ID

  • 14583340

Pubmed Central ID

  • 14583340

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-4596

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0891-5849

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0891-5849(03)00402-7

Language

  • eng