Laryngeal brain stem evoked response in the porcine model.
Exaggeration of normally protective laryngeal reflexes is thought to play a role in several disorders, including the sudden infant death syndrome. An analysis of brain stem neural activity following laryngeal stimulation may provide insight into the pathophysiology of pathologic laryngeal reflexes and help to identify individuals at risk for these disorders. The purpose of this study was to define the far-field brain stem activity following laryngeal stimulation in the porcine model. This activity has been termed the laryngeal brain stem evoked response and may represent a potentially useful and objective measure of the neuronal activity in the laryngeal reflex pathway. Electrical stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve was performed in 14 mixed-breed piglets under a variety of physiologic conditions. A total of six positive and six negative discrete waves were detected, with mean latencies ranging from 1.24 to 7.16 milliseconds. Stimulations performed during hypoxic, hypercapneic, or hypocapneic conditions resulted in no significant differences in waveform latencies. There appears to be a reproducible, but somewhat variable, brain stem response elicited by superior laryngeal nerve stimulation that can be recorded via a far-field technique in the porcine model.
Cohen, S; Esclamado, RM; Telian, S; Aloe, L; Kileny, P
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