Iron uptake and Nramp2/DMT1/DCT1 in human bronchial epithelial cells.
The capacity of natural resistance-associated macrophage protein-2 [Nramp2; also called divalent metal transporter-1 (DMT1) and divalent cation transporter-1 (DCT1)] to transport iron and its ubiquitous expression make it a likely candidate for transferrin-independent uptake of iron in peripheral tissues. We tested the hypothesis that non-transferrin-bound iron uptake by airway epithelial cells is associated with Nramp2/DMT1/DCT1 and that exposure to iron can increase Nramp2/DMT1/DCT1 mRNA and protein expression and transport of this metal. Exposure of BEAS-2B cells to ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) resulted in a decrease in Fe(3+) concentration in the supernatant that was dependent on time and initial iron concentration. In the presence of internalized calcein, FAC quenched the fluorescent signal, indicating intracellular transport of the metal. The Nramp2/DMT1/DCT1 mRNA isoform without an iron-response element (IRE) increased with exposure of BEAS-2B cells to FAC. RT-PCR demonstrated no change in the mRNA for the isoform with an IRE. Similarly, Western blot analysis for the isoform without an IRE confirmed an increased expression of this protein after FAC exposure, whereas the isoform with an IRE exhibited no change. Finally, immunohistochemistry revealed an increase in the isoform without an IRE in the rat lung epithelium after instillation of FAC. Comparable to mRNA and protein increases, iron transport was elevated after pretreatment of BEAS-2B cells with iron-containing compounds. We conclude that airway epithelial cells increase mRNA and expression of the Nramp2/DMT1/DCT1 without an IRE after exposure to iron. The increase results in an elevated transport of iron and its probable detoxification by these cells.
Wang, X; Ghio, AJ; Yang, F; Dolan, KG; Garrick, MD; Piantadosi, CA
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