Genetic bioaugmentation as an effective method for in situ bioremediation: functionality of catabolic plasmids following conjugal transfers.

Published

Journal Article

Genetic bioaugmentation is an in situ bioremediation method that stimulates horizontal transfer of catabolic plasmids between exogenous donor cells and indigenous bacteria to increase the biodegradation potential of contaminants. A critical outcome of genetic bioaugmentation is the expression of an active catabolic phenotype upon plasmid conjugation. Using a pWW0-derivative TOL plasmid, we showed that certain genetic characteristics of the recipient bacteria, including genomic guanine-cytosine (G + C) content and phylogeny, may limit the expression of the transferred catabolic pathway. However, such genetic limitations observed in transconjugants could be overcome by the presence of an additional carbon source. Glucose and Luria-Bertani broth were shown to enhance the toluene degradation rates of transconjugants; these enhancement effects were dependent on transconjugant genomic G + C contents. Based on these observations, thorough genetic characterization of the indigenous microbial community in the contaminated environment of interest may provide a predictive tool for assessing the success of genetic bioaugmentation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ikuma, K; Gunsch, CK

Published Date

  • July 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 236 - 241

PubMed ID

  • 22705839

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22705839

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2165-5987

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2165-5979

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.4161/bioe.20551

Language

  • eng