Functional and reactive hyperemia are unaltered by homocysteine in conscious dogs.


Journal Article

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that L-homocysteine thiolactone (L-HCTL), through its reaction with adenosine to form S-adenosylhomocysteine, may modulate myocardial functional and reactive hyperemic responses. Reactive hyperemic responses to 10-sec occlusions or 400-msec diastolic occlusions of the circumflex coronary artery and functional hyperemic responses to ventricular extra-activations were studied in a chronic heart-blocked dog preparation during a control period and following L-HCTL (40 mg/kg). In two additional dogs multiple venous blood samples and left ventricular myocardial biopsies were obtained following L-HCTL to measure changes in plasma homocysteine and tissue S-adenosylhomocysteine. Despite a 75-fold increase in peak plasma homocysteine and a 26-fold increase in tissue S-adenosylhomocysteine, L-HCTL did not alter myocardial functional and reactive hyperemic responses. The rapid increase in myocardial S-adenosylhomocysteine confirmed cellular entry of homocysteine and its reaction with endogenous adenosine. The failure of L-HCTL to alter functional and reactive hyperemic responses suggests that either such treatment does not affect myocardial release of adenosine or that adenosine is not an important regulator of coronary flow.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sadick, N; German, DC; McHale, PA; Greenfield, JC; Kredich, NM

Published Date

  • May 1, 1985

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 80 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 280 - 290

PubMed ID

  • 4026786

Pubmed Central ID

  • 4026786

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0300-8428

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/BF01907904


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany