Flexible asymmetric supercapacitors with high energy and high power density in aqueous electrolytes.

Published

Journal Article

Supercapacitors with both high energy and high power densities are critical for many practical applications. In this paper, we discuss the design and demonstrate the fabrication of flexible asymmetric supercapacitors based on nanocomposite electrodes of MnO(2), activated carbon, carbon nanotubes and graphene. The combined unique properties of each of these components enable highly flexible and mechanically strong films that can serve as electrodes directly without using any current collectors or binders. Using these flexible electrodes and a roll-up approach, asymmetric supercapacitors with 2 V working voltage were successfully fabricated. The fabricated device showed excellent rate capability, with 78% of the original capacitance retained when the scan rate was increased from 2 mV s(-1) to 500 mV s(-1). Owing to the unique composite structure, these supercapacitors were able to deliver high energy density (24 W h kg(-1)) under high power density (7.8 kW kg(-1)) conditions. These features could enable supercapacitor based energy storage systems to be very attractive for a variety of critical applications, such as the power sources in hybrid electric vehicles and the back-up powers for wind and solar energy, where both high energy density and high power density are required.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cheng, Y; Zhang, H; Lu, S; Varanasi, CV; Liu, J

Published Date

  • February 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 1067 - 1073

PubMed ID

  • 23254316

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23254316

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2040-3372

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2040-3364

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1039/c2nr33136e

Language

  • eng