Predictors and outcomes associated with trajectories of revenge goals from fourth grade through seventh grade.


Journal Article

The present study identified longitudinal trajectories of revenge goals in a sample of at-risk youth (N = 240; 63.3% male) followed from fourth grade through seventh grade. Three revenge goal trajectory groups were identified: a low-stable group, an increasing group, and a decreasing group. The increasing and decreasing groups were initially more behaviorally and affectively dysregulated and believed that aggression would gain them more rewards relative to the low-stable group. The increasing group was also more fearfully reactive compared to the decreasing group. Revenge goal trajectory groups also predicted trajectories of reactive and proactive aggression from 4th through 7th grade. The increasing group was more reactively aggressive and depressed and had poorer social skills in 8th grade compared to the other groups. Together, results highlight the importance of considering revenge motivations as an indicator of risk and a potential focus for intervention.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • McDonald, KL; Lochman, JE

Published Date

  • February 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 40 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 225 - 236

PubMed ID

  • 21881856

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21881856

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2835

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0091-0627

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10802-011-9560-0


  • eng