Prehospitalization antiplatelet therapy and outcomes after saphenous vein graft intervention.
Antiplatelet therapy is recommended after coronary artery bypass grafting, because it improves saphenous vein graft (SVG) patency and clinical outcomes. We investigated the association between prehospital antiplatelet regimens and outcomes after SVG intervention. Patients who underwent SVG intervention from 2003 to 2008 were divided into 3 groups: (1) no antiplatelet therapy, (2) the use of aspirin or clopidogrel, and (3) the use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) at admission. Clinical follow-up examinations were performed at 30 days and 1 year. The primary outcome was the composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, the need for revascularization, and stroke at 30 days. The relation between antiplatelet therapy and outcomes was adjusted for factors associated with the outcomes. A total of 225 patients underwent SVG intervention, 87% were men, and the mean age was 70 years. Of the 225 patients, 21 (9.4%) were not receiving antiplatelet therapy, 102 (45.3%) were receiving aspirin/clopidogrel, and 102 (45.3%) were receiving DAPT. The patients without antiplatelet therapy were more frequently women, had presented earlier after coronary artery bypass grafting, and were less frequently taking other cardiac-related medications. The patients taking aspirin or DAPT were more often smokers and had a greater peripheral vascular burden. The incidence of the 30-day and 1-year primary outcomes was greater in patients without preadmission antiplatelet use (38.1% vs 14.9% and 13.9%, overall p = 0.01; 52.4% vs 29.5% and 28.3%, overall p = 0.03). After adjustment, antiplatelet use remained associated with the primary outcome. In conclusion, prehospital use of antiplatelet therapy was associated with a lower occurrence of major adverse cardiac events after SVG intervention. We did not find that DAPT improved outcomes compared to single antiplatelet therapy.
Harskamp, RE; Beijk, MA; Damman, P; Tijssen, JG; Lopes, RD; de Winter, RJ
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