Effectiveness and safety of carotid artery stenting for significant carotid stenosis in patients with contralateral occlusion (from the German ALKK-CAS Registry experience).

Published

Journal Article

Data on the safety of carotid artery stenting (CAS) in a large number of unselected patients with contralateral occlusion and significant ipsilateral stenosis are less known. Accordingly, we evaluated 3,137 patients undergoing CAS who were enrolled in a German Registry from 2000 to 2008 and compared the clinical features and in-hospital outcomes of those with and without contralateral carotid occlusion. Contralateral carotid occlusion was present in 191 patients (6.1%) undergoing CAS. Despite the similar age of the patients with and without contralateral carotid occlusion, those with contralateral occlusion had a greater prevalence of co-morbidities, complex carotid stenosis, and greater number of focal neurologic lesions on the contralateral side. The incidence of in-hospital events, including death (1.0% vs 0.5%), ipsilateral major stroke (1.1% vs 1.1%), death or major ipsilateral stroke (1.6% vs 1.4%), ipsilateral transient ischemic attack (2.7% vs 2.5%), myocardial infarction (0.0% vs 0.1%), and reintervention (0.5% vs 1.1%), was low and was not significantly different between those with and without contralateral occlusion (p >0.05 for all comparisons). Among patients with carotid occlusion, major ipsilateral stroke (2.2%), death (2.2%), and a combination of these 2 events (3.3%) were observed exclusively in symptomatic patients with no event in asymptomatic patients. In conclusion, our data from a large number of patients undergoing CAS in a recent contemporary community-based practice attests to the low risk of periprocedural events among patients with contralateral carotid occlusion supporting CAS as an attractive option for the treatment of these patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mehta, RH; Zahn, R; Hochadel, M; Mudra, H; Ischinger, T; Hauptmann, K-E; Jung, J; Seggewiss, H; Zeymer, U; Senges, J; German Arbeitsgemeinschaft Leitende Kardiologische Krankenhausärzte Carotid Artery Stent (ALKK-CAS) Registry,

Published Date

  • September 1, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 104 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 725 - 731

PubMed ID

  • 19699352

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19699352

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1913

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjcard.2009.04.038

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States