Village-based distribution of oral rehydration therapy packets in Bangladesh.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
The distribution of sucrose-electrolyte oral therapy packets (1 liter) by community-based workers in a rural Bangladesh population of 157,000 was evaluated. A similar population of 134,000 served as a comparison group. The locally-produced packets showed satisfactory chemical composition with a shelf-life of up to 3 months and a cost of U.S. $0.05. After 4 months the workers were distributing an average of 70 packets/1,000 population per month. Most patients used one packet for each episode of diarrhea; 13% of children used two packets, and 15% and 8% of adults used, respectively, two and three packets. The electrolyte composition of the oral fluids prepared by field workers and mothers showed substantial variation, but no hyperconcentrated solutions were noted. A comparison of the hospitalization rate from the two study areas suggested a 29% reduction in hospitalization for diarrhea during the 4 months of distribution.
- Chen, LC; Black, RE; Sarder, AM; Merson, MH; Bhatia, S; Yunus, M; Chakraborty, J
- March 1, 1980
Volume / Issue
- 29 / 2
Start / End Page
- 285 - 290
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States