Village-based distribution of oral rehydration therapy packets in Bangladesh.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The distribution of sucrose-electrolyte oral therapy packets (1 liter) by community-based workers in a rural Bangladesh population of 157,000 was evaluated. A similar population of 134,000 served as a comparison group. The locally-produced packets showed satisfactory chemical composition with a shelf-life of up to 3 months and a cost of U.S. $0.05. After 4 months the workers were distributing an average of 70 packets/1,000 population per month. Most patients used one packet for each episode of diarrhea; 13% of children used two packets, and 15% and 8% of adults used, respectively, two and three packets. The electrolyte composition of the oral fluids prepared by field workers and mothers showed substantial variation, but no hyperconcentrated solutions were noted. A comparison of the hospitalization rate from the two study areas suggested a 29% reduction in hospitalization for diarrhea during the 4 months of distribution.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chen, LC; Black, RE; Sarder, AM; Merson, MH; Bhatia, S; Yunus, M; Chakraborty, J

Published Date

  • March 1, 1980

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 285 - 290

PubMed ID

  • 7369447

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9637

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.4269/ajtmh.1980.29.285


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States