Relationship between phosphaluria and acute hypercapnia in the rat.
Standard clearance studies were performed in mechanically ventilated intact and acutely thyroparathyroidectomized (TPTX) rats to document and characterize the effect of hypercapnia (HC) on urinary phosphorus excretion (U(P)V). HC as compared to normocapnia (NC) was associated with an increase in U(P)V in intact (62.5 vs. 7.93 mug/min) and TPTX (30.5 vs. 0.59 mug/min) rats, an increase in filtered load of phosphorus in intact (218 vs. 191 mug/min) and TPTX (243 vs. 146 mug/min) rats, an increase in blood bicarbonate concentration in intact (27.8 vs. 26.0 meq/liter) and TPTX (24.5 vs. 22.3 meq/liter) animals, and a decrease in blood pH in intact (7.15 vs. 7.42) and TPTX (7.07 vs. 7.39) rats. Additional TPTX rats with NC and HC were studied during phosphorus infusion at a comparable filtered load of phosphorus (NC = 307 mug/min and HC = 328 mug/min). U(P)V was 18.5 mug/min in NC and 85.2 mug/min in HC animals. Intact NC animals infused with NaHCO(3) achieved a blood bicarbonate of 45.9 meq/liter compared to 26.0 meq/liter in intact NC NaCl-infused rats. U(P)V was 10.0 mug/min in the NaHCO(3) and 7.93 mug/min in NaCl-infused animals. In intact HC animals infused with NaHCO(3), blood pH was 7.36 compared to 7.42 in NC intact NaCl-infused animals. U(P)V was 83.2 mug/min in the HC bicarbonate-infused and 7.93 mug/min in the NC NaCl-infused rats. These experiments demonstrate that elevated blood carbon dioxide tension per se increases U(P)V. Increases in filtered load of phosphorus and blood bicarbonate which are associated with HC contribute to the phosphaturia as does parathyroid hormone. The phosphaturia is not dependent upon reduction of extracellular pH.
Webb, RK; Woodhall, PB; Tisher, CC; Glaubiger, G; Neelon, FA; Robinson, RR
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