Stimulation of cartilage amino acid uptake by growth hormone-dependent factors in serum. Mediation by adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate.


Journal Article

The effects of growth hormone-dependent serum factors on amino acid transport and on cartilage cyclic AMP levels in embryonic chicken cartilage were studied in vitro. Cartilages incubated in medium containing rat serum showed a significantly greater uptake of alpha-amino [1-14C] isobutyrate or [1-14C] cycloleucine than control cartilages incubated in medium alone. Normal rat serum (5%) added to the incubation medium also caused an increase in cartilage cyclic AMP content (from as little as 23% to as much as 109%). The factors in serum which increase cartilage cyclic AMP and amino acid uptake are growth hormone dependent, since neither growth hormone itself nor serum from hypophysectomized rats restores these serum factors. Studies comparing the ability of sera with varying amounts of growth hormone-dependent factors to stimulate amino-aminoisobutyrate transport and to increase cartilage cyclic AMP show a striking linear correlation between the two effects (r=0.977). Theophylline and prostaglandin E1, WHICH RAISE CARTILAGE CYCLIC AMP also increase amino-aminoisobutyrate transport. Exogenous cyclic AMP, N6-monobutyryl cyclic AMP and n6, 02'-dibutyryl cyclic AMP increase cartilage amino-aminoisobutyrate transport. The data are compatible with the thesis that growth hormone-dependent serum factors increase cartilage amino acid transport by elevating cartilage cyclic AMP.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Drezner, MK; Eisenbarth, GS; Neelon, FA; Lebovitz, HE

Published Date

  • February 13, 1975

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 381 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 384 - 396

PubMed ID

  • 163105

Pubmed Central ID

  • 163105

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-3002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0304-4165(75)90244-5


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands