A randomized trial of the safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of edoxaban, an oral factor Xa inhibitor, following a switch from warfarin.

Published

Journal Article

To evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of edoxaban, an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor, in healthy subjects switching from warfarin.Seventy-two subjects were randomized to edoxaban 60 mg once daily (n = 48) or matching placebo (n = 24) for 5 days at 24 h after the last dose of warfarin treatment (INR 2.0 to 3.0). Safety/tolerability was the primary outcome measure. Pharmacokinetics, INR, aPTT, anti-FXa, thrombin generation and other coagulation assays were assessed.Seventy-two subjects were randomized and 64 subjects received at least one dose of edoxaban (n = 43) or placebo (n = 21) after achieving a target INR of 2.0 to 3.0 on warfarin treatment. Edoxaban 60 mg administered 24 h post-warfarin appeared to be safe and well tolerated. Adverse events were similar across treatments. For bleeding-related adverse events, eight subjects tested positive for faecal occult blood, five subjects during warfarin treatment and three subjects during edoxaban treatment. The mean (SD) baseline (post-dose of warfarin) INR was 2.31 (0.193) which increased to 3.84 (0.744) over 2 h during the edoxaban treatment (P < 0.0001 vs. placebo), returning to post-warfarin baseline within 12 h. A similar time course of effects for the other coagulation assays was observed in accordance with the drugs' mechanisms of action.In this study of healthy subjects, edoxaban administered 24 h after the last dose of warfarin was safe and well tolerated with transient increases across the various coagulation assays above post-warfarin baseline levels.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Mendell, J; Noveck, RJ; Shi, M

Published Date

  • April 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 75 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 966 - 978

PubMed ID

  • 22924409

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22924409

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-2125

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0306-5251

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04409.x

Language

  • eng