Validation of the Duke Social Support and Stress Scale.
The Duke Social Support and Stress Scale (DUSOCS) was validated in 249 adult family practice patients using the Family Strengths, the Family Inventory of Life Events, and the Duke Health Profile (DUKE) as comparison instruments. Validity was supported in that the DUSOCS family support measure had the clinically expected positive associations with DUKE health measures (regression coefficients of +7.4 to +18.7) and negative associations with DUKE anxiety and depression measures (-2.0 to -17.2). DUSOCS family stress had negative associations with the health measures (-11.6 to -34.5) and positive associations with anxiety and depression (+18.9 to +32.1). Family and non-family stress contributed more than severity of illness to elevated levels of anxiety and depression and lowered levels of mental health, social health, and self-esteem, while these same stresses contributed only half as much as severity of illness to lowered physical health.
Parkerson, GR; Broadhead, WE; Tse, CK
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