Vaccination against herpes zoster in developed countries: state of the evidence.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Although progress has been made in the treatment of herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), available therapeutic options are only partially effective. Given evidence that a live-attenuated varicella-zoster-virus vaccine is effective at reducing the incidence of HZ, PHN and the burden of illness, policymakers and clinicians are being asked to make recommendations regarding the use of the zoster vaccine. In this report, we summarize the evidence regarding the: (1) burden of illness; (2) vaccine efficacy and safety; and (3) cost-effectiveness of vaccination, to assist evidence-based policy making and guide clinicians in their recommendations. First, there is general agreement that the overall burden of illness associated with HZ and PHN is substantial. Second, the safety and efficacy of the zoster vaccine at reducing the burden of illness due to HZ and the incidence of PHN have been clearly demonstrated in large placebo-controlled trials. However, uncertainty remains about the vaccine's duration of protection. Third, vaccination against HZ is likely to be cost-effective when the vaccine is given at approximately 65 y of age, if vaccine duration is longer than 10 y.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Drolet, M; Oxman, MN; Levin, MJ; Schmader, KE; Johnson, RW; Patrick, D; Mansi, JA; Brisson, M

Published Date

  • May 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1177 - 1184

PubMed ID

  • 23324598

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3899157

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2164-554X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.4161/hv.23491


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States