Adaptation to monocular torsion after macular translocation.
PURPOSE: To document the functional outcome of two patients following successful macular translocation for the treatment of severe subretinal hemorrhage in age-related maculopathy. METHODS: The retina was surgically rotated around the optic nerve with translocation of the fovea either upward or downward to an area of healthy retinal pigment epithelium. In the postoperative period, visual function was carefully studied with emphasis on adaptation to torsion. RESULTS: Visual acuity in one patient improved from 20/200 to 20/80 and the other patient remained at 20/200. Both patients developed horizontal and vertical strabismus with torsion of up to 55 degrees. After a prolonged period of occlusion of the unoperated eye, both patients were subjectively able to adapt to monocular torsion. However, adaptation under binocular conditions did not occur. CONCLUSION: Macular translocation was successful in improving visual acuity in one patient, with no improvement in the second. Both patients had significant ocular torsion and strabismus, but under monocular conditions they were successful in perceptually adapting to the change in the visual environment. Fear of cyclotorsion should not be a deterrent to considering macular translocation as a possible treatment option for severe subretinal macular hemorrhage if the patient is willing to accept monocular vision.
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