After myocardial infarction. How to determine future risk and what to do then.
Management of the postinfarction patient should be directed toward identifying and treating individuals at risk of future coronary morbidity or mortality. The history, physical examination, resting ECG, and chest film, supplemented with ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring, noninvasive assessment of left ventricular function, graded exercise testing, and sometimes angiography allow stratification of patients into high- and low-risk subgroups. A program of exercise training, risk factor modification, and prophylactic therapy with beta blockers would be warranted in most patients. Use of antiarrhythmic agents may alter prognosis in certain subgroups. Evidence is currently insufficient to warrant routine use of anticoagulant or antiplatelet agents in the postinfarction patient.
Esterbrooks, DJ; Kiefer, S; Weatherbee, T; Aronow, WS; Mohiuddin, SM; Sketch, MH
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