Differential stimulation of the respiratory burst and lysosomal enzyme secretion in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes by synthetic diacylglycerols.
Binding of chemoattractants to receptors on human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) stimulates the phosphodiesteric cleavage of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate to produce inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and 1,2-diacylglycerols. To investigate the possible second messenger function of diacylglycerols in PMN activation, we tested the ability of a series of synthetic sn 1,2-diacylglycerols, known to stimulate protein kinase C in other systems, to promote superoxide anion release, oxygen consumption, lysosomal enzyme secretion, and chemotaxis. None of the diacylglycerols initiated the chemotactic migration of PMN. Several of the diacylglycerols however, were, active in stimulating superoxide anion release and lysozyme secretion, with dioctanoylglycerol (diC8) being the most potent. Unexpectedly, didecanoylglycerol (diC10) induced lysosomal enzyme secretion, but failed to stimulate superoxide production or oxygen consumption. All other biologically active diacylglycerols tested displayed similar EC50 for stimulating lysozyme secretion and superoxide production. The ability of the diacylglycerols to compete for phorbol dibutyrate (PDBu) binding in intact PMN suggested a mechanism for the divergent biological activity of diC10. Although the compounds that stimulated both superoxide production and lysosomal enzyme secretion competed for essentially all [3H]PDBu binding from its receptor, diC10, which only stimulated secretion, competed for 45% of the bound [3H]PDBu. Thus diacylglycerols can selectively activate certain functions of leukocyte chemoattractant receptor. The data suggest that a discrete pool of protein kinase C may mediate activation of the respiratory burst in PMN.
Cox, CC; Dougherty, RW; Ganong, BR; Bell, RM; Niedel, JE; Snyderman, R
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